Early Learning Materials

Fine Motor Activities

  • Have child pick up small objects with individual fingers and thumb (i.e.: pegs, beans, beads) and place them in a container with a small opening. Have child do several with each finger
  • Playing games with finger puppets using the thumb, index, and middle fingers.
  • Using finger paints with each finger being for a different color
  • Snapping marbles at a target with individual fingers
  • Using toys/instruments/machines requiring individual finger control (i.e.: typewriter, piano, flute, horn calculator)
  • Getting masking tape (that has been wrapped around hand and fingers) off using only that hand
  • Stretching a rubber band between a finger and thumb
  • Sort various small objects such as paper clips, rubber bands, etc., into small boxes
  • Finger games, such as ‘Where is Thumbkin?’ or finger races
  • Practicing buttoning, zipping and lacing (oversized to normal sized items)
  • Construction toys such as: Lego, Mobilo or Tecno
  • Fitting nesting toys together
  • Molding and rolling play dough into balls – using the palms of the hands facing each other and with fingers curled slightly towards the palm.
  • Tearing newspaper into strips and then crumpling them into balls. Use to stuff scarecrow or other art creation.
  • Scrunching up 1 sheet of newspaper in one hand. This is a super strength builder.
  • Using a plant sprayer to spray plants
  • Picking up objects using large tweezers such as those found in the “Bedbugs” game. This can be adapted by picking up Cheerios, small cubes, small marshmallows, coins, etc., in counting games.
  • Shaking dice by cupping the hands together, forming an empty air space between the palms.
  • Lacing and sewing activities such as stringing beads, Cheerios, macaroni, etc.
  • Using eye droppers to “pick up” colored water for color mixing or to make artistic designs on paper.
  • Turning over cards, coins, checkers, or buttons, without bringing them to the edge of the table.

Scissor Activities

  • Cutting pictures out of junk mail
  • Making fringe on the edge of a piece of construction paper.
  • Cutting play dough with scissors.
  • Cutting straws or shredded paper.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
Down, lift, down, lift, cross.
a
Around, up, down.
Down, lift, around, around.
b
Down, up, around.
Around.
c
Around.
Down, lift, around.
d
Around, up, down.
Down, lift, cross, lift, cross, lift, cross.
e
Around, around.
Cross, down, lift, cross.
f
Around, down, lift, cross.
Around, up, down.
g
Around, up, down, around.
Down, lift, down, lift, cross.
h
Down, up, around, down.
Down, lift, cross, lift, cross.
i
Down, lift, dot.
Down, around.
j
Down, around, lift, dot.
Down, lift, down, down.
k
Down, up around, down.
Down, cross.
l
Down.
Down, lift, down, up, down.
m
Down, up, around, down, up, around, down.
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y X
Down, lift, down, up.
n
Down, up, around, down.
Around, around.
o
Around, around.
Down, lift, around.
p
Down, up, around.
Around, lift, cross.
q
Around, up, down, up
Down, lift, around, down.
r
Down, up, around.
Around, around.
s
Around, around.
Down, lift cross.
t
Down, lift, cross.
Down, around, up, down.
u
Down, around, up, down.
Down, up.
v
Down, up.
Down, up, down, up.
w
Down, around, up, down,
Down, lift, down.
x
Down, lift, down.
Down, lift, down.
y
Down, around, up, down, around.
Cross, down, cross.
z
Cross, down, cross.

Letter and Number Formation Rhymes

Learning the correct letter formation is extremely important. When children begin to write they need to cope with many skills at the same time, such as; ‘What letter will make the sound I need?’, ‘I know I need a ‘d’, but which way does it go?’, ‘What series
of sounds do I hear in a word and did I put the letters in the right place?’, ‘What part of the letter sits on the line?’.
If letter formation is automatic, memory and thinking is ‘freed up’ to cope with other skills needed.

It is important to learn the correct letter formation from the beginning as it is harder to break bad habits than it is to
create correct letter formation patterns. Letter formation is basically composed of straight lines and circle shapes.
Except for lowercase ‘d’ and ‘e’, all letter shapes are formed from the top down, rather than the bottom up.


Pencil Grip

– Make an OK sign with you fingers.

– Place the pencil between your thumb and pointer finger (pinch it).

– Tuck your other three fingers in towards your palm.

– Rest your pencil on the end of your middle finger.

– Make sure that the end of your pencil is pointing backwards and is resting on its ‘pillow’.


Sitting Position

One, two, three four – are you feet flat on the floor?
Five, six, seven, eight – is your back nice and straight?
Nine, ten, eleven, twelve – remember how your pencil’s held?

Sitting comfortably avoids tiredness and strain.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Around to the left to find a hero, back to the top, and you made zero. Down you run and one is done. Around the railroad track and back. Around the tree, around the tree, this how you make three. Down, across and down some more this is how you make four. Short neck, belly fat number five wears a hat. First a line, then an O, this is number six you know. Across the sky and down from heaven, this is how you make seven. First an S, then up straight, this is how you make an eight. First a circle, then a line, this is how you make a nine.

 

Sight Word Games and Activities Pack


Fun Sight Word Activities

  • Magnetic letters:(lower or upper case available from Woolworths, Big W etc.) leave letters on the fridge. Ask your child to make a sight word, locate and jumble up only the letters in a particular sight word or ask them to read prepared sight words. TIP: letters from scrabble games can be substituted.
  • Bingo:Fold an A4 sheet of paper into 8 rectangles or use the BINGO template attached. Ask your child to choose 8 sight words from a selected list and write each word in a rectangle. Read through the sight word list. When your child has a sight word that you say they place a counter on it (or something to distinguish it from the other words). When all of their sight words have been read they call ‘BINGO’. TIP: Reverse rolls and have your child read out the words. Many people can play. As you get more sight words make new cards and add them to the list.
  • Hide’N’Seek Words:Choose four or five sight word flashcards and hide them in a particular room or area of the house. Ask your child to find the words one at a time, bring them back and read them to you. TIP: Make multiple copies of words your child is struggling with.
  • “Make Up” Sentence: Use a range of sight word flashcards along with other words of interest, ask your child to make simple sentences and then read them to you. Eg. There is a cat. I saw a dog when I went to the shops. EXTENSION IDEA: Ask your child to copy the sentence onto paper, draw a picture to match and display for all to see. TIP: Store words in a snap lock bag or something similar for easy access.
  • Snap:Make multiple copies of sight words. Say the words as you put them on the pile and when two words match call “SNAP “.
  • Find-a-word:
    Draw up a grid on paper or use the gird attached and fill-in sight words. As you write each sight word in also record it below so your child knows which words to look for. Fill any leftover spaces with random letters. Tell your child which direction the words can be found. TIP: DIY find-a-words can be made by visiting the website www.puzzlemaker.com. This program will construct the find-a-word for you. You only need to provide them with the words that you want to be included.
  • Spot It!: After reading a book ask your child pick a page and find a specific sight word on that page. Eg. Can you find the word “have” in the story? or How many times did you read the word “the” on this page?
  • Magna -Doodle-Magic: If you have a Magna Doodle at home ask your child to write a sight word or you write the word and your child reads it. TIP: Take the Manga Doodle in the car, spell a word, your child records it and then reads it to you.
  • Get Crafty: Use pipe cleaners to make letters and put them together to spell a sight word that you have asked them to make.
  • App: Download, explore and play app – Snap Words (Child 1st Publications)

Keep Learning Kindergarten Sight Word Lists

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
the little for not
of we no shop
and can as put
a went up go
to have by they
in here look play
that my this if
is with my yes
was you had all
be said out get
i at are did
mum like got show
List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
am he birthday jump
no or his baby
run down her sister
boy an children brother
girl house friend there
will see skip when
from big been made
not him their comes
dog see good dad
walk at book for
here school party had
says some shop old

Read It, write It, make It

How to use this template: choose 5 sight words, write them in the read it column. Your child then reads the word, writes the word and makes the word using letter stickers, stamps or tiles.

 

Read it Write it Make it

Roll It, Read It, Write It

How to use this template: choose 6 sight words; write each word under a number. Your child then rolls a dice, reads the word, and finally writes the word in the box under the matching word. The first word that reaches the bottom is the winner!

 

1 2 3 4 5

Sight Word Board Game

How to use this template: choose a variety of sight words and add them to the game board. Your child then rolls the dice, moves spaces and reads the word. First person to land on the finish square is the winner!

 

START
MOve Forward 1 Space
Miss a run
Move back 1 Space Finish

Bingo

How to use this template: choose 8 sight words; write a word in each box. Call out sight words from a selected list. When your child has a sight word that you say they place a counter on it. When all of their sight words have been read they call “BINGO”. Reverse rolls and have your child read out the words.

rfgrg rffdf drvfgdvgd
frgfdg Bingo fdgtuy
dfgth efrgedg etgrt

 

rfgrg rffdf drvfgdvgd
frgfdg Bingo fdgtuy
dfgth efrgedg etgrt

Find-a-word

How to use this template: Choose a selection of sight words and fill-in the gird. As you write each sight word in also record it below so your child knows which words to look for. Fill any leftover spaces with random letters. Tell your child which directions the words can be found.


How to make a Volcano

How does it work?

A volcano is produced over thousands of years as heat and pressure build up.A volcano is very difficult to recreate in a home experiment,however this volcano  will give you an idea of what it might look like when a volcano erupts flowing lava.

You will need:

– Brown Playdough
– One Small Plastic Cup
– One Foil 20cm pie tray
– Toy Dinosaurs(Optional)
– Green Crepe Paper(Optional)

– Baking Soda
– Liquid Dish Washing Soap
– Red Food Colouring
– Vinegar


What to do:

  1. Place the plastic cup in the center of the foil tray.
  2. Cover the outside of the plastic cup with playdough
  3. OPTIONAL : decorate with toy dinosaurs and crepe paper shrubs
  4. Add two spoonfuls of baking soda
  5. Add a spoonful of dish soap
  6. Add 5 drops each of the red food colouring
  7. Gently stir the contents of the cup

Now for the eruption!

Pour 1/4 cup of vinegar into the cup and watch your volcano come alive.


Nonna’s Homemade Pasta Recipes


Fettucini

You will need:

  • 2 kg flour
  • 2 tbs olive oil
  • 4 eggs
  • 2 cups of water
  • Pasta machine

Method:

  1. Mound flour in center of a large work surface, and make a well in the middle. Crack eggs into the well.
  2. Using a fork, beat eggs; slowly incorporate flour. When flour is incorporated, gather dough together to form a rounded mass. Begin kneading dough with the palms of your hands.
  3. Knead dough for about 10 minutes, until smooth and elastic.
  4. Divide dough into 8 pieces; Flatten dough to a shape somewhat narrower than pasta machine opening. Lightly dust dough with flour. Feed through machine’s widest setting. As pasta emerges, gently support it with your palm and guide it onto the work surface. Fold dough in thirds; roll out again. Repeat process 4 times, each time passing through a finer setting,
  5. Sprinkle flour on each side of the pieces and then fed each piece through the fettuccini setting on the pasta machine. Catch the falling pasta with the other hand.
  6. Use fettuccine immediately, or dry on a floured surface and store in an airtight container for up to 3 days.

Serves: 10 – 12


Kicotta Gnocchi

You will need:

  • 1 kg ricotta
  • ½ kg flour
  • 1 egg
  • Salt
  • Gnocchi paddle or fork

Method:

  1. Combine the ricotta, egg and salt in a bowl. Add the flour and mix.
  2. Knead dough, however be careful not to overwork it.
  3. Cut dough into 4 equal-sized pieces. Using your hands, gently roll each piece out to form a log about 2cm wide. Using a lightly floured knife, cut each log into 1.5cm-long pieces.
  4. Roll each ball of gnocchi over the tines of a lightly-floured fork or gnocchi board pressing gently with your index finger or thumb underneath as you go, to form a dent in the back of each one and lines on the other side (this creates a textured surface, helping sauces to cling to cooked gnocchi).

 

NOTE: As gnocchi cook, they will rise to the surface of the water

Serves: 8

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